Advantages of Investing in GIC
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Guaranteed Investment Certificates (GIC) are a viable and safe investment channel that can give you good rates of interest. It is ideal for investors that are looking to earn interest but also prefer the flexibility of a short-term option that allows them to encash the investment in a short while if needed.
Read ahead for some detailed information about Guaranteed Investment Certificates and how they work:
Understanding GICs (Guaranteed Investment Certificates)
By investing your money in the Guaranteed Investment Certificate (GIC), you can be assured of
- Safe investment: You’ll have
assurancethat you can get back the principal amount you invest without any possibility of losing your money. The investment is not subject to market fluctuations.
- No volatility: By getting GICs, you can avoid the risk of volatility like in the case of stocks.
Types of GICs Available
What makes GICs an extremely attractive investment is that they are very versatile. You can choose the category that best suits your investments needs:
- Basic Cashable GICs: These are great if you’re looking to earn a higher rate of interest than what your bank is giving you on your savings account.
- RRSP GICs, RRSP’S GICs, TFSA GICs: Choose these categories if you would prefer to secure your money in a registered savings account.
- S. Currency or Any other currency GICs: If you’re a frequent traveller, you could consider investing in GICs of the particular country where you travel.
- Market-Linked GICs: This investment option is suitable for the investor who is open to some amount of risk.
The Government of Canada offers assurance on the eligible deposits that investors make with the members of the Canadian Deposit Insurance Corporation (CDIC), a federal Crown Corporation. By investing in any of the CDIC member firms, you will get automatic insurance without the need to pay additional charges. You can learn more about CDIC insured GICs.
How to Get the Highest Returns Possible on GICs
If you’ve tried your hand investing in the stock exchange, it is understandable that you would prefer an investment option that is free of market fluctuations. And, if you’re investing your retirement money, you’ll want an avenue that keeps your money safe. Putting your money in the conventional Registered Retirement Savings Plan (RRSP) or any other savings plan is safe but not likely to earn you attractive rates of interest.
What you need is an investment channel that keeps your money secure but also earns you adequate interest rates for the investment to make sense. Let’s begin by ticking off the traditional options you’re well aware of:
- Canadian Savings Bonds (CSBs): Rates of interest available are just 0.5%, but the premium version may earn you up to 1% for the first year.
- Five-Year GICs: Rates of interest offered by big banks may vary from 1.75% to 1.85%, each year.
- Cashable GICs: Rates on interest
arelower than five-year GICs but higher than the returns available on Canadian Savings Bonds.
- Ally.ca, Canadian Tire Bank, and other such “virtual” financial institutions offer rates of interest higher than the returns offered on daily interest savings accounts.
Aside from these options, with some smart thinking, you can find other investment channels that are guaranteed, secure, and offer you attractive interest rates.
Search Online for Investment Options
When you’re ready to make an investment, your first thought is to approach the local bank and buy a GIC. Should you choose to buy a GIC at any of the major banks of Canada, you’ll find that the interest rates aren’t as competitive as what smaller institutions offer you. In addition to all these options, you can find other channels – simply by searching on the internet. You’ll find several websites that offer you comparative information on the available GICs and term deposit rates offered by organizations such as:
- Various banks
- Credit unions
- Life insurance companies offering you Guaranteed Interest Annuities or GIAs
- Trust companies
Among the reliable websites, you can look at are Cannex Financial Exchanges and CompareMyRates. Some websites also offer information on the best rates you can get in case you invest through a broker. Typically, these rates are not available to the general public investing through conventional channels.
Deposit Brokers and the Functions They Perform with GICs
You’re probably familiar with the term mortgage brokers. They are the agents who scout the market for the most economical mortgage interest rates for their clients. Deposit brokers are similar to mortgage brokers and can find you investment options that give you the best return on investment. Like, for instance, they’ll find you GICs and other guaranteed investment products with the highest interest rates. The best positive of working with these agents is that you won’t need to pay them any charges. That’s because of the financial institution you invest in pays their fees.
When you’re ready to find a good broker, log onto the website of the Registered Deposit Brokers Association. This website will give you details of over 1,600 brokers and their affiliates in different regions of Canada. You can simply find and contact the agent operating in your area. These brokers can help you find the GICs, annuities, term deposits, and other guaranteed investment products that offer you the best rates of interest and other terms. Most such agents can get you interest rates that are a whole percentage point higher than the bank’s posted rates. Of course, this factor is dependent on the investment term and individual financial organization.
Here’s an example. Say, you check with a retail bank at the physical location and they quote an interest rate of 1.85% per year on a five-year GIC. But, if you approach the same bank via a broker, you may be able to get rates of 2.7% each year for the same 5-year GIC. Brokers and agents typically have access to both major and smaller institutions that may provide better rates of interest. Smaller organizations can afford to pay these rates because they work with a more economical infrastructure as compared to the larger institutions.
Positives of Working with Brokers
You’ll find that working with an investment broker has several advantages:
- Brokers may spread your money across various organizations with the most beneficial rates of interest and different terms so you’re assured of regular returns on investment. For instance, the broker may split your money into five sections and invest it in GICs with one-year, two-year, three-year, four-year, and five-year terms. On maturity, each of the GICs can be reinvested in new 5-year terms so you continue to get returns. As partner at Conservative Investors Services in Toronto, Mary Rygiel says, “My policy is to recommend that clients ladder their investments. It gives them liquidity and helps as interest rates increase.”
- Working with a broker provides you with the protection offered by the insurance limits of federal or provincial deposits. That’s because they spread the investments around different financial institutions.
- You’re likely to get higher rates of interest than if you were to visit the bank on your own. Bill Ritchie is the CEO of GICdirect.com, an organization that has Canada’s major deposit brokers on board. He says, “The rates we can access are higher because it’s less expensive for the institution to issue those GICs through a broker than it is through the retail side of the operation.”
Downsides of Working with Brokers
The biggest downside of working with brokers is that many financial institutions don’t accept investments through agents. If you’re looking to invest with them, you may have to approach them personally. Like, for instance, Royal Bank of Canada, various other smaller banks that operate online, and credit unions. Such organizations may offer you higher rates of interest because they aren’t paying any fees to the brokers.
For this reason, say, you’re looking for investment products that give you high-interest yields for the funds you own in RRIF, RRSP, TFSA or non-registered accounts. Accordingly, you might want to choose these organizations even if you must contact them on your own.
Investing in Stocks and Bonds as an Option
You also have the choice of investing in a portfolio that includes high-grade corporate bonds and preferred shares. However, you’ll have to be prepared to deal with the risk that accompanies this investment option. President of the Registered Deposit Brokers Association, Brian Smith opines, “Baby boomers are at a point in their life where they’re retired or heading into retirement. With the [market] volatility we’ve seen over the last few years, many people want guarantees because they say they can’t afford to gamble with their retirement.”
Do Your Homework When Choosing the Best GIC in Canada
Before you make the final decision on the best GIC to invest in, keep these considerations in mind:
- Are interest payments credited once a month or year?
- Is the interest compounded each day or at the end of the year?
- Is there a minimum limit on the deposit amount? Some organizations accept investments of even $500. However, you might get higher rates of interest on larger deposits.
- Can you encash the GIC ahead of the end of the term? Keep in mind that flexible GICs provide a lower rate of interest.
- If you’re working with a broker who is a member of the RDBA, you’ll likely have access only to those investment products that carry federal or provincial guarantees. Federal (CDIC) offer insurance of up to $100,000 per account while provincial limits may be variable.